Chloramphenicol interaction with functionalized biochar in water: sorptive mechanism, molecular imprinting effect and repeatable application

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 609
Issue Date:
2017-08-08
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Biochar and functionalized biochar (fBC-1 and fBC-2) were prepared and applied to remove antibiotic chloramphenicol from deionized water, lake water and synthetic wastewater. Results showed that chloramphenicol removal on biochar was pH dependent and maximum sorption occurred at pH 4.0–4.5. The sorption data of chloramphenicol fitted better with the Langmuir isotherm model than the Freundlich isotherm model with the maximum Langmuir sorption capacity of 233 μM g−1 using fBC-2. Chloramphenicol sorption on fBC-2 followed the trend: deionized water N lake water N synthetic wastewater. The presence of humic acid decreased the sorption distribution coefficient (Kd) while the presence of low ionic strength and soil in solution increased Kd value significantly. The mechanism of sorption on fBC mainly involved electron-donor-acceptor (EDA) interactions at pH b 2.0; formation of charge assisted hydrogen bond (CAHB) and hydrogen bonds in addition to EDA in the pH 4.0–4.5; and CAHB and EDA interactions at pH N 7.0. Additionally, solvent and thermal regeneration of fBC-2 for repeatable applications showed excellent sorption of chloramphenicol under the same condition, due to the creation of a molecular imprinting effect in fBC-2. Consequently, fBC-2 can be applied with excellent reusability properties to remove chloramphenicol and other similar organic contaminants.
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