Bioaugmentation and functional partitioning in a zero valent iron-anaerobic reactor for sulfate-containing wastewater treatment
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Chemical Engineering Journal, 2011, 174 (1), pp. 159 - 165
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Sulfate inhibits anaerobic digestion because it stimulates sulfate reduction bacteria (SRB) to compete with methanogens for electron utilization and sulfide produced has toxicity to microorganism. Considering that zero-valent iron (ZVI) is expected to abbreviate the above negative effects due to its reductibility, a ZVI bed was packed into an anaerobic (ZVI-anaerobic) reactor (R1) for improvement of sulfate-containing wastewater treatment. The results showed that R1 could maintain high COD removal performance (87.4%) at sulfate concentration (1100. mg/L), significantly higher than a control reactor without ZVI (R2, 58.2%). In R1, 95% of the sulfate was reduced at the bottom, which decreased its effects on methanogens in the upper portion. In consequence, the COD removal in the upper portion of R1 (39.4%) was significantly higher than that of R2 (11.4%). Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that the fractions of methanogens and SRB presented highest in the upper portion and the bottom of R1 respectively. PCR-DGGE analysis indicated that the microbial communities between the bottom and the upper part of R1 were different and diversity by the addition of ZVI bed. The functionalized partitioning of microbial activities in R1, i.e., most sulfate reduction occurring in the bottom and more efficient methanogenesis occurring in the upper, which was similar to a two-stage anaerobic reactor for sulfate-containing wastewater treatment, made this ZVI-anaerobic reactor displayed well. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
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