Diagnostic reliability and normative values of stereoacuity tests in preschool-aged children

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Journal Article
British Journal of Ophthalmology, 2013, 97 (3), pp. 308 - 313
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Aim To establish the range of normal stereoacuity thresholds and evaluate the diagnostic reliability of stereoacuity tests in preschool-aged children. Methods 1606 children, aged 24-72 months, had detailed eye examinations and stereoacuity testing. Lang-Stereotest II (LangII) was attempted on all children, Stereo Smile Stereoacuity II Test (SSST) was conducted on children aged <30 months and on older children who could not complete the Randot Preschool Stereoacuity Test (RPST). The RPST was conducted on children aged =30 months and on some younger children who passed both the LangII and SSST. Results Modes for the age groups 24-47 months and 48-72 months were: 200 arcsec for both age groups with the LangII test; 120 arcsec and 60 arcsec, respectively, with the SSST; 100 arcsec and 60 arcsec, respectively, with the RPST. Age-adjusted areas under the curve for detecting amblyopia, strabismus and anisometropia were: for the LangII test, 0.72, 0.68 and 0.60, respectively; for the SSST, 0.73, 0.80 and 0.57, respectively; for the RPST, 0.92, 0.82 and 0.73, respectively. Conclusions Normative data for the LangII, RPST and SSST stereoacuity tests were determined for children aged 24-72 months. Sensitivity and specificity at individual disparity levels for detecting anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus were also determined for RPST and SSST. Using area under age-adjusted receiver operating curves, the RPST was found to be the most reliable in detecting ocular conditions compared with the LangII and SSST tests.
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