A study of low-profile, broadside radiation, efficient, electrically small antennas based on complementary split ring resonators

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2013, 61 (9), pp. 4419 - 4430
Issue Date:
2013-01-01
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The designs and performance characteristics of several electrically small antennas based on complementary split ring resonators (CSRRs) are reported. A coaxial-fed monopole is first integrated with a CSRR that is cut from a grounded finite copper disc. The presence of the electrically small CSRR element facilitates a nearly complete impedance match to the source, a nearly broadside radiation pattern, and a high radiation efficiency. The addition of a circular top-hat to the monopole then achieves an ultra-low profile (0. 005λ 0 ) design and an improved broadside pattern, while maintaining all other desirable features. Finally, to enrich their potential usefulness, two additional enhancements of these designs were accomplished. One is a further miniaturization (ka < 0.5) that is achieved by introducing a more complex CSRR element, while maintaining a high, 82%, radiation efficiency. The second is a further enhancement of the directivity and front-to-back ratio through the introduction of a slot-modified parasitic disc, while maintaining the original impedance matching, low-profile and electrically small properties. These designs were consummated and their performance characteristics evaluated with the frequency domain ANSYS-ANSOFT High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) and were confirmed independently using the time domain CST Microwave Studio (MWS) simulator. A prototype of the basic system was fabricated and tested; the agreement between the simulated and measured results validates the design principles. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
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