Truncated Circular Cone Slot Antenna Array That Radiates a Circularly Polarized Conical Beam

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2017, 16 pp. 2574 - 2577
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© 2017 IEEE. A truncated circular cone slot array antenna that radiates a circularly polarized (CP) conical beam is presented. The direction into which the conical beam radiates depends mainly on the tilt angle of the outer conductor as well as the proper arrangement of the positions of its two slot arrays. The CP property is realized by introducing quasi-perpendicular slots that are cut into the outer conductor of a truncated circular cone. To illustrate the performance characteristics of this CP conical beam antenna, the tilt angle is set to 45° and the beam angle is pointed at 45° from boresight within the operating band. A prototype was fabricated and tested. The measured results demonstrate that its-10 dB impedance bandwidth ($\vert S-{{11}}{\rm{\vert \,< \,-10}}$ dB) is 720 MHz, from 5.05 to 5.77 GHz; and its 3 dB axial-ratio (AR) bandwidth is 500 MHz, from 5.5 to 6.0 GHz. Its realized gain over this AR bandwidth ranges from 4.84 to 5.8 dB. The designed beam direction can be easily changed to meet specific application requirements. Moreover, it can be readily reconfigured to be a conformal antenna mounted on the top of a high-speed mobile platform.
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