Orientation-dependent stress relaxation in hetero-epitaxial 3C-SiC films

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Applied Physics Letters, 2013, 102 (1)
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Residual stresses in epitaxial 3C-SiC films on silicon, for chosen growth conditions, appear determined by their growth orientation. Stress evaluation locally with Raman spectroscopy, and across a 150 mm wafer with curvature measurements, indicate that thin films can be grown on Si(100) with residual tensile stresses as low as 150 MPa. However, films on Si(111) retain a considerably higher stress, around 900 MPa, with only minor decrease versus film thickness. Stacking faults are indeed geometrically a less efficient relief mechanism for the biaxial strain of SiC films grown on Si(111) with 〈111〉 orientation. Residual stresses can be tuned by the epitaxial process temperatures. © 2013 American Institute of Physics.
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