Extraction and processing of real time strain of embedded FBG sensors using a fixed filter FBG circuit and an artificial neural network

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Journal Article
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 2013, 46 (10), pp. 4045 - 4051
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Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors have been used in the development of structural health monitoring (SHM) and damage detection systems for advanced composite structures over several decades. Unfortunately, to date only a handful of appropriate configurations and algorithm sare available for using in SHM systems have been developed. This paper reveals a novel configuration of FBG sensors to acquire strain reading and an integrated statistical approach to analyse data in real time. The proposed configuration has proven its capability to overcome practical constraints and the engineering challenges associated with FBG-based SHM systems. A fixed filter decoding system and an integrated artificial neural network algorithm for extracting strain from embedded FBG sensor were proposed and experimentally proved. Furthermore, the laboratory level experimental data was used to verify the accuracy of the system and it was found that the error levels were less than 0.3% in predictions. The developed SMH system using this technology has been submitted to US patent office and will be available for use of aerospace applications in due course. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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