Networks as the Driving Force for Climate Design

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Advances in Global Change Research, 2012, 48 pp. 91 - 116
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© 2012, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. In this chapter the potential transformation of an area and the role networks can play is discussed. For a far-future transformation, the current situation as well as the near-future, already taken policy decisions, function as the starting point for the design. Network theory is subsequently used to identify the crucial nodes in the networks where a potential transformation is likely to be successful. These nodes can be defined making use of the common rules of networks. Some points in networks are better (more intensively) connected with more links, than others. These hubs, the more attractive nodes to link with, get richer, which makes them even more attractive to link with, which makes them richer and so forth. The places where these successful nodes are located can be identified and calculated as has been shown in the exercise in this chapter. The number and importance of connections as well as the typology of the nodes (a place consisting of one type is less attractive than if three networks overlap) play an important role in determining the interesting locations. Once these are found they can be used in the design, as is illustrated in the Peat Colonies case study. The structure of networks, with spines, nerves and nodes, in combination with a clear and specific objective leads to challenging and sustainable designs.
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