Decomposable nonlocal tensor dictionary learning for multispectral image denoising

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2014, pp. 2949 - 2956
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© 2014 IEEE. As compared to the conventional RGB or gray-scale images, multispectral images (MSI) can deliver more faithful representation for real scenes, and enhance the performance of many computer vision tasks. In practice, however, an MSI is always corrupted by various noises. In this paper we propose an effective MSI denoising approach by combinatorially considering two intrinsic characteristics underlying an MSI: the nonlocal similarity over space and the global correlation across spectrum. In specific, by explicitly considering spatial self-similarity of an MSI we construct a nonlocal tensor dictionary learning model with a group-block-sparsity constraint, which makes similar full-band patches (FBP) share the same atoms from the spatial and spectral dictionaries. Furthermore, through exploiting spectral correlation of an MSI and assuming over-redundancy of dictionaries, the constrained nonlocal MSI dictionary learning model can be decomposed into a series of unconstrained low-rank tensor approximation problems, which can be readily solved by off-the-shelf higher order statistics. Experimental results show that our method outperforms all state-of-the-art MSI denoising methods under comprehensive quantitative performance measures.
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