Comparison of cooperative spectrum sensing strategies in distributed cognitive radio networks

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Conference Proceeding
GLOBECOM - IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 2012, pp. 1513 - 1518
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Cooperative spectrum sensing has been proposed to significantly improve spectrum sensing accuracy by taking advantage of the cooperation among secondary users (SUs), but also this incurs some sensing cost. In this paper, we present a cooperative spectrum sensing model with consideration to spectrum sensing cost in distributed cognitive radio networks where each SU aims to maximize its utility. Under the scenario with selfish SUs, we formulate cooperative spectrum sensing as a non-cooperative game and obtain the mixed strategy Nash equilibrium of the formulated spectrum sensing game by deriving the sensing probabilities of SUs. Under the scenario with limited collaboration of SUs, we formulate cooperative spectrum sensing as a nonlinear optimization problem and derive the optimal sensing strategy of SUs by using our proposed Newton-Raphson based algorithm. Numerical results demonstrate that SUs with limited collaboration are able to achieve much better performance than the outcome of the Nash equilibrium and by choosing the optimal sensing strategy SUs are able to maximize their utility, which is an effective tradeoff between SU throughput and sensing cost. © 2012 IEEE.
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