Non-Isothermal Peristaltic Flow of Newtonian Fluids in a Circular Tube

American Society of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, 2009, pp. 1 - 6
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Non-isothermal peristaltic flow of Newtonian fluids in a circular tube is investigated numerically, using a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software package. Simulation is performed over a range of Reynolds-number values, up to 1000. Temperature affects the flow field via fluid viscosity, which is assumed to decrease exponentially with temperature. Other fluid properties are assumed to be constant, and are similar to those of an oil. Allowing for temperature effects alters significantly the flow pattern and reduces pressure change. In the crest region, recirculation appears in nonisothermal flow at a much smaller Reynolds number Re than in isothermal flow. Influence of the Reynolds number itself is also reduced significantly, such that the flow pattern changes very little with increasing Re, in contrast to the isothermal case. Similarly, in non-isothermal flow, flow pattern is unchanged at different flow rate. This is also in contrast to the isothermal situation.
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