Reconfigurable Fabry-Pérot leaky-wave antennas

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Conference Proceeding
2013 International Workshop on Antenna Technology, iWAT 2013, 2013, pp. 390 - 393
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Beam scanning is an inherent property of Leaky-Wave Antennas (LWAs). It is usually achieved by sweeping the operating frequency. For wireless communications, however, it is necessary for the antenna to operate at a fixed frequency while scanning. With one dimensional LWAs, this can be done by electronically reconfiguring the leaky-line boundary condition. By altering the leaky-mode complex propagation constant, one can produce a desired scanning beam. To this end, a number of ideas have been investigated and reported in recent years, including the use of PIN diodes and photosensitive switches. The most used active device for electronically controlling 1D LWAs in microwave frequencies is the varactor diode, which has been applied to a multitude of leaky lines such as the slotline, the coplanar waveguide, the microstrip log-periodic line, the half-mode microstrip line , and the half-mode substrate-integrated waveguide. © 2013 IEEE.
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