Distributed sparse channel estimation for OFDM systems with high mobility

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Conference Proceeding
IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2013, pp. 4951 - 4956
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Channel estimation for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) broadband system operating with high mobility is very challenging. This is mainly due to the significant Doppler spread, inherent in a time-frequency doubly-selective (DS) channel. Consequently, a large number of channel coefficients must be estimated, forcing the need for allocating a large number of pilot subcarriers. To address this problem, we propose a novel channel estimation method based on basis expansion models (BEMs) and distributed compressive sensing (DCS) theory. To be specific, we develop a two-stage sparse BEM coefficients estimation method, which can effectively combat the Doppler spread and enable accurate channel estimation with dramatically reduced number of pilot subcarriers. The numerical results reveal that, in a typical LTE system configuration, the proposed scheme can increase the spectral efficiency by 40% and achieve a 6 dB gain in terms of normalized mean square error (NMSE), both compared to the conventional scheme. © 2013 IEEE.
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