Tag localization with spatial correlations and joint group sparsity

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2011, pp. 881 - 888
Issue Date:
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Nowadays numerous social images have been emerging on the Web. How to precisely label these images is critical to image retrieval. However, traditional image-level tagging methods may become less effective because global image matching approaches can hardly cope with the diversity and arbitrariness of Web image content. This raises an urgent need for the fine-grained tagging schemes. In this work, we study how to establish mapping between tags and image regions, i.e. localize tags to image regions, so as to better depict and index the content of images. We propose the spatial group sparse coding (SGSC) by extending the robust encoding ability of group sparse coding with spatial correlations among training regions. We present spatial correlations in a two-dimensional image space and design group-specific spatial kernels to produce a more interpretable regularizer. Further we propose a joint version of the SGSC model which is able to simultaneously encode a group of intrinsically related regions within a test image. An effective algorithm is developed to optimize the objective function of the Joint SGSC. The tag localization task is conducted by propagating tags from sparsely selected groups of regions to the target regions according to the reconstruction coefficients. Extensive experiments on three public image datasets illustrate that our proposed models achieve great performance improvements over the state-of-the-art method in the tag localization task. © 2011 IEEE.
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