A dual-loop adaptive control for minimizing time response delay in real-time structural vibration control with magnetorheological (MR) devices

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Journal Article
Smart Materials and Structures, 2018, 27 (1)
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© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd. Time delay is a challenge issue faced by the real-time control application of the magnetorheological (MR) devices. Not to deal with it properly may jeopardize the effectiveness of the control, even lead to instability of the control system or catastrophic failure. This paper proposes a dual-loop adaptive control to address the response time delay associated with MR devices. In the proposed dual-loop control, the inner loop is designed to compensate the time delay of MR device induced by the PWM current driver. While the outer loop control can be any structural control algorithm with aims to reducing structural responses of a building during extreme loadings. Here an adaptive control strategy is adopted. To verify the proposed dual-loop control, a smart base isolation system employing magnetorheological elastomer base isolators is used as an example to illustrate the control effect. Numerical study is then conducted using a 5 -storey shear building model equipped with smart base isolation system. The result shows that with the implementation of the inner loop, the control current can instantly follow the control command which reduce the possibility of instability caused by the time delay. Comparative studies are conducted between three control strategies, i.e. dual-loop control, Lyapunov's direct method based control and optimal passive base isolation control. The results of the study have demonstrated that the proposed dual-loop control strategy can achieve much better performance than the other two control strategies.
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