Climate Change Around the World: Australia, the Netherlands, and India

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Geospatial Technologies and Climate Change, 2014, pp. 3 - 19
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In this chapter, the climate impacts of India, Australia, and the Netherlands are compared. The case for long-term planning is made, and climate change, defined as a wicked problem, can only be tackled through planning methodologies that acknowledge the complexity of the system, in this case the spatial system. A new planning method is presented, Swarm Planning, which allows planners to incorporate uncertainty in the design. This concept is used to create designs that mitigate, adapt to, and anticipate climatic events that appear to be unpredictable. Design examples are presented and discussed for each of these types of planning for climate change, both derived from Dutch and Australian projects. This chapter ends with an optimal process to create climate proof designs which are supported by a wide range of community, local and national stakeholders: the design charrette.
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