A Novel Boresight and Conical Pattern Reconfigurable Antenna with the Diversity of 360-degree Polarization Scanning

Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2017, 65 (11), pp. 5747 - 5756
Issue Date:
2017-11
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A novel design of boresight and conical pattern reconfigurable antenna with the capability of 360° polarization scanning is presented in this paper. At boresight mode, the antenna produces a continuously reconfigurable polarization over 360° in the azimuth plane, which provides adaptive-polarization reception between a transmitter and a receiver. The antenna is analyzed in terms of the electric field with an explanation of the generation of TM11 and TM02 resonant modes, which provides an innovative method of designing pattern reconfigurable antennas for the WLAN applications. The proposed method is validated by a good agreement between simulation and experimental results for an antenna designed to provide boresight and conical pattern switching at 2.4 GHz. The gain of 6.05 dBi and efficiency of 86.7% are measured in the boresight mode, corresponding to 4.39 dBi and 82.4% at conical mode.
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