Compact tunable lowpass filter with sharp roll-off and low insertion loss

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Journal Article
Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 2017, 59 (10), pp. 2619 - 2623
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© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. A novel continuously tunable lowpass filter (LPF) with compact size, sharp roll-off and low insertion loss is presented in this paper. The filter employs two varactor diodes, a pair of open-ended coupled lines and a U-shape step impedance line (SIL) with an open-ended stub loaded at the center of the SIL to form a very compact layout. The odd- and even-mode analysis and equivalent circuit model are demonstrated for estimation of the transmission characteristics. Tuning the DC voltage applied on the varactor diodes, the varactor capacitance accordingly changes leading to a varying cutoff frequency fc. The measured results show that the achieved 3-dB fctuning range is 60.6% (1.15–2.15 GHz). The measured insertion loss (IL) and roll-off rate are 0.2-0.4 dB and 50–73 dB/GHz, respectively. The overall size of the LPF is only 0.005λg2, which shows a competitive advantage comparing with the state-of-the-art work.
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