Belief revision in Horn theories

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Artificial Intelligence, 2015, 218 pp. 1 - 22
Issue Date:
2015-01-01
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© 2014 Elsevier B.V. This paper investigates belief revision where the underlying logic is that governing Horn clauses. We show that classical (AGM) belief revision doesn't immediately generalise to the Horn case. In particular, a standard construction based on a total preorder over possible worlds may violate the accepted (AGM) postulates. Conversely, in the obvious extension to the AGM approach, Horn revision functions are not captured by total preorders over possible worlds. We address these difficulties by introducing two modifications to the AGM approach. First, the semantic construction is restricted to "well behaved" orderings, what we call Horn compliant orderings. Second, the revision postulates are augmented by an additional postulate. Both restrictions are redundant in the AGM approach, but not in the Horn case. In a representation result we show that the class of revision functions captured by Horn compliant total preorders over possible worlds is precisely that given by the (extended) set of Horn revision postulates. Further, we show that Horn revision is compatible with work in iterated revision and work concerning relevance in revision. We also consider specific revision operators. Arguably this work is interesting for several reasons. It extends AGM revision to inferentially-weaker Horn theories; hence it sheds light on the theoretical underpinnings of belief change, as well as generalising the AGM paradigm. Thus, this work is relevant to revision in areas that employ Horn clauses, such as deductive databases and logic programming, as well as areas in which inference is weaker than classical logic, such as in description logic.
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