Feature disentangling machine - A novel approach of feature selection and disentangling in facial expression analysis

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2014, 8692 LNCS (PART 4), pp. 151 - 166
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Studies in psychology show that not all facial regions are of importance in recognizing facial expressions and different facial regions make different contributions in various facial expressions. Motivated by this, a novel framework, named Feature Disentangling Machine (FDM), is proposed to effectively select active features characterizing facial expressions. More importantly, the FDM aims to disentangle these selected features into non-overlapped groups, in particular, common features that are shared across different expressions and expression-specific features that are discriminative only for a target expression. Specifically, the FDM integrates sparse support vector machine and multi-task learning in a unified framework, where a novel loss function and a set of constraints are formulated to precisely control the sparsity and naturally disentangle active features. Extensive experiments on two well-known facial expression databases have demonstrated that the FDM outperforms the state-of-the-art methods for facial expression analysis. More importantly, the FDM achieves an impressive performance in a cross-database validation, which demonstrates the generalization capability of the selected features. © 2014 Springer International Publishing.
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