A low cost interpolation based detection algorithm for medium-size massive MIMO-OFDM systems

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Conference Proceeding
2017 17th International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, ISCIT 2017, 2018, 2018-January pp. 1 - 5
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© 2017 IEEE. The great potential of exploiting millimeter wave (mmwave) frequency spectrum for emerging fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks has motivated the study of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) for achieving high data rate. For medium-size massive MIMO with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) uplink systems, the minimum mean square error (MMSE) based soft-output detector is often used due to its better bit error rate (BER) performance compared to the matched filter detector. Although the multipath channel can be converted into a set of parallel flat-fading channels by using OFDM thus reducing the complexity of receiver design, the tone by tone (per subcarrier) detection methods based on the state-of-The-Art low complexity MMSE still incur considerably high computational complexity since the number of tones is typically very large. To reduce the complexity, the interpolation-based matrix inversion algorithms for small-size MIMO-OFDM systems have been proposed, which compute the matrix inversion by interpolating separately the adjoint and determinant. In this paper, we find that the (regularized) Gram matrix inversions have strong correlation between different subcarriers. By exploiting this strong correlation, we propose a linear interpolation based MMSE detection algorithm that directly interpolates the inverted MMSE matrices for a small number of subcarriers to obtain matrix inversions for all other subcarriers, thereby significantly reducing the number of matrix inversion required. Extensive simulations show that with small BER performance loss compared to the exact MMSE detector, the proposed algorithm can reduce the complexity to the level of the matched filter algorithm.
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