Enhancement of nanoscale zero-valent iron immobilization onto electrospun polymeric nanofiber mats for groundwater remediation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 2017, 112 pp. 200 - 208
Issue Date:
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© 2017 Institution of Chemical Engineers A new approach that combines nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) with electrospinning technology has been put forward to avoid nZVI agglomeration and a secondary pollution. In this study, to enhance the immobilization of nZVI particles onto the polyacrylic acid (PAA)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) electrospun nanofiber mat, mats (M1, M2 and M3) with different PAA/PVA mass ratios (1:1, 2:1 and 3:1) were tested for the immobilization of nZVI particles and their performance of removing contaminants. The results indicate that M3 immobilized the most nZVI particles (48.4 wt% on the mat, ∼2.5 times the figure for previous study) and had the highest removals to methylene blue and Cu(II) ions at 94% and 83.6% respectively, resulting from more free carboxylic groups available on the cross-linked nanofibers as well as a higher porosity into the mat. Therefore, increasing the PAA/PVA ratio is effective to boost the performance of nZVI–PAA/PVA electrospun nanofiber mat, which has a great potential for the application of nZVI-targeted contaminants remediation.
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