Distributed recycled water systems to reduce energy intensity for urban water services

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Online Document Library, 2017
Issue Date:
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Reba - 119_Ozwater17_Technical Paper.pdfAccepted Manuscript version371.71 kB
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The energy expenditure of water utilities is likely to increase due to the need to supply water from more energy-intensive sources such as distant rivers, sea water, recycled water and lower quality water sources. Currently water utilities face serious challenges to provide cost effective water services and this will further worsen due to rising energy price. This paper discusses research undertaken to date on the energy associated with the delivery of urban water services and presents a justification of how distributed recycled waste water systems can reduce energy consumption in urban water and wastewater systems.
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