Distributed recycled water systems to reduce energy intensity for urban water services
- Publication Type:
- Conference Proceeding
- Online Document Library, 2017
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The energy expenditure of water utilities is likely to increase due to the need to supply water from more energy-intensive sources such as distant rivers, sea water, recycled water and lower quality water sources. Currently water utilities face serious challenges to provide cost effective water services and this will further worsen due to rising energy price. This paper discusses research undertaken to date on the energy associated with the delivery of urban water services and presents a justification of how distributed recycled waste water systems can reduce energy consumption in urban water and wastewater systems.
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