Successive Convex Quadratic Programming for Quality-of-Service Management in Full-Duplex MU-MIMO Multicell Networks

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2016, 64 (6), pp. 2340 - 2353
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© 2016 IEEE. This paper designs jointly optimal linear precoders for both base stations (BSs) and users in a multiuser multi-input multi-output (MU-MIMO) multicell network. The BSs are full-duplexing transceivers while uplink users and downlink users (DLUs) are equipped with multiple antennas. Here, the network quality-of-service (QoS) requirement is expressed in terms of the minimum throughput at the BSs and DLUs. We consider the problems of either QoS-constrained sum throughput maximization or minimum cell throughput maximization. Due to the nonconcavity of the throughput functions, the optimal solutions of these two problems remain unknown in both half-duplexing and full-duplexing networks. The first problem has a nonconcave objective and a nonconvex feasible set, whereas the second problem has a nonconcave and nonsmooth objective. To solve such challenging optimization problems, we develop iterative low-complexity algorithms that only invoke one simple convex quadratic program at each iteration. Since the objective value is proved to iteratively increase, our path-following algorithms converge at least to the local optimum of the original nonconvex problems. Due to their guaranteed convergence, simple implementation, and low complexity, the devised algorithms lend themselves to practical precoder designs for large-scale full-duplex MU-MIMO multicell networks. Numerical results demonstrate the advantages of our successive convex quadratic programming framework over existing solutions.
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