A Novel 2-D Multibeam Antenna Without Beamforming Network

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2016, 64 (7), pp. 3177 - 3180
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2016 IEEE. A novel design of multibeam array antenna without feeding network is presented in this communication. This array antenna consists of 3 × 3 microstrip patches as radiators. In this design, a feeding network is avoided where each patch is fed by a probe. Furthermore, whatever patch is excited, the input power can be coupled to all patches through four microstrip lines located between the radiating elements. In addition, nine radiation beams can be implemented depending on different field distributions that are generated by exciting each patch individually. The proposed antenna has a simple single-layered structure and does not suffer from a complex feeding network compared with traditional multibeam antennas. The experimental results demonstrate that the scanning ranges of the nine beams are ±24° and ±45° in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively. Moreover, measured gain for the nine beams of the implemented antenna varies from 9.06 to 10.45 dBi.
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