Spatial prediction of rotational landslide using geographically weighted regression, logistic regression, and support vector machine models in Xing Guo area (China)

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 2017, 8 (2), pp. 1997 - 2022
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© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study evaluated the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model for landslide susceptibility mapping in Xing Guo County, China. In this study, 16 conditioning factors, such as slope, aspect, altitude, topographic wetness index, stream power index, sediment transport index, soil, lithology, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), landuse, rainfall, distance to road, distance to river, distance to fault, plan curvature, and profile curvature, were analyzed. Chi-square feature selection method was adopted to compare the significance of each factor with landslide occurence. The GWR model was compared with two well-known models, namely, logistic regression (LR) and support vcector machine (SVM). Results of chi-square feature selection indicated that lithology and slope are the most influencial factors, whereas SPI was found statistically insignificant. Four landslide susceptibility maps were generated by GWR, SGD-LR, SGD-SVM, and SVM models. The GWR model exhibited the highest performance in terms of success rate and prediction accuracy, with values of 0.789 and 0.819, respectively. The SVM model exhibited slightly lower AUC values than that of the GWR model. Validation result of the four models indicates that GWR is a better model than other widely used models.
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