Dynamically Modulated Mask Sparse Tracking

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 2017, 47 (11), pp. 3706 - 3718
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© 2013 IEEE. Visual tracking is a critical task in many computer vision applications such as surveillance and robotics. However, although the robustness to local corruptions has been improved, prevailing trackers are still sensitive to large scale corruptions, such as occlusions and illumination variations. In this paper, we propose a novel robust object tracking technique depends on subspace learning-based appearance model. Our contributions are twofold. First, mask templates produced by frame difference are introduced into our template dictionary. Since the mask templates contain abundant structure information of corruptions, the model could encode information about the corruptions on the object more efficiently. Meanwhile, the robustness of the tracker is further enhanced by adopting system dynamic, which considers the moving tendency of the object. Second, we provide the theoretic guarantee that by adapting the modulated template dictionary system, our new sparse model can be solved by the accelerated proximal gradient algorithm as efficient as in traditional sparse tracking methods. Extensive experimental evaluations demonstrate that our method significantly outperforms 21 other cutting-edge algorithms in both speed and tracking accuracy, especially when there are challenges such as pose variation, occlusion, and illumination changes.
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