An introduction to thermodynamic modeling, thermal analysis and calorimetry

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Journal Article
Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment, 2009, 13 (4), pp. 86 - 103
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Thermodynamic modelling is a powerful tool for predicting and understanding the behaviour of various systems. There are many thermoanalytical techniques such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), high resolution thermogravimetric analysis (Hi-Res™ TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), calorimetry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC), dynamic mechnical analysis (DMA), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), thermodilatometry (TD), dielectric thermal analysis (DEA), optical transmittance thermal analysis (OTTA), evolved gas analysis (EGA), μ-thermal analysis (μ-TA), isothermal pressure transducer analysis (ITPTA), transient thermal analysis (TTA) and thermal conductivity (k). Simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) is ideal for investigating issues such as the glass transition of modified glasses, binder burnout, dehydration of ceramic materials or decomposition behaviour of inorganic building materials, also with gas analysis. Thermodynamic modeling and various thermoanalytical techniques and their applications from medicine to construction have been discussed in this paper.
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