GoDec+: Fast and Robust Low-Rank Matrix Decomposition Based on Maximum Correntropy

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, 2018, 29 (6), pp. 2323 - 2336
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© 2012 IEEE. GoDec is an efficient low-rank matrix decomposition algorithm. However, optimal performance depends on sparse errors and Gaussian noise. This paper aims to address the problem that a matrix is composed of a low-rank component and unknown corruptions. We introduce a robust local similarity measure called correntropy to describe the corruptions and, in doing so, obtain a more robust and faster low-rank decomposition algorithm: GoDec+. Based on half-quadratic optimization and greedy bilateral paradigm, we deliver a solution to the maximum correntropy criterion (MCC)-based low-rank decomposition problem. Experimental results show that GoDec+ is efficient and robust to different corruptions including Gaussian noise, Laplacian noise, salt pepper noise, and occlusion on both synthetic and real vision data. We further apply GoDec+ to more general applications including classification and subspace clustering. For classification, we construct an ensemble subspace from the low-rank GoDec+ matrix and introduce an MCC-based classifier. For subspace clustering, we utilize GoDec+ values low-rank matrix for MCC-based self-expression and combine it with spectral clustering. Face recognition, motion segmentation, and face clustering experiments show that the proposed methods are effective and robust. In particular, we achieve the state-of-the-art performance on the Hopkins 155 data set and the first 10 subjects of extended Yale B for subspace clustering.
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