Comparative evaluation of steel wire mesh, steel fibre and high performance polyethylene fibre reinforced concrete slabs in blast tests

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Journal Article
Thin-Walled Structures, 2018, 126 pp. 117 - 126
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Concrete is the most widely used construction material in the modern construction practice. Due to its relatively low tensile resistance, concrete tends to experience tensile failure and cracking under external loads. To enhance the tensile performance and ductility of concrete material, possible solutions including fibre reinforcement and steel mesh reinforcement are investigated in the present study. Steel fibre, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibre and steel wire meshes were mixed with varying volume fraction in the concrete matrix. Static material tests including uniaxial compression and flexural bending tests showed that the steel fibre addition yielded better strength enhancement while UHMWPE fibre provided better material ductility. Concrete samples with hybrid steel fibre-steel mesh reinforcement showed high strength and ductility. Field blast tests are designed to study the behaviour of reinforced concrete slabs under close-in detonations. Different damage profiles are observed from the blast tests. The advantages and disadvantages of using different reinforcing materials are discussed. From the results, the advantages of replacing steel fibre with UHMWPE fibre or steel wire mesh were demonstrated.
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