Wideband Fabry-Perot Cavity Antenna with a Shaped Ground Plane

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2017, 6 pp. 2291 - 2297
Issue Date:
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© 2013 IEEE. This paper proposes a novel approach to broaden the 3-dB gain bandwidth of Fabry-Perot cavity (FPC) antennas by utilizing a shaped ground plane. The shaped ground plane is flat in the middle to accommodate the source antenna, and then angled up in the shape of trapezoids. Compared with an FPC antenna with a traditional flat ground plane, the 3-dB gain bandwidth of the one with a shaped ground plane is improved from 11% to 20.2% with the maximum realized gain and the 10-dB impedance bandwidth almost unchanged. To validate the feasibility of the proposed approach, an FPC antenna prototype has been designed, fabricated, and measured. It consists of a U-slot rectangular microstrip patch antenna as the source, a Rogers RT6006 superstrate as the partially reflective surface, and the proposed shaped ground plane. Measured results on input reflection coefficients and radiation patterns agree well with simulated ones. Therefore, this new approach can be an effective way to enhance the gain bandwidth without increasing the cavity profile or using multi-layer superstrate structures.
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