Unbalanced Expander Based Compressive Data Gathering in Clustered Wireless Sensor Networks

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2017, 5 pp. 7553 - 7566
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© 2013 IEEE. CConventional compressive sensing-based data gathering (CS-DG) algorithms require a large number of sensors for each compressive sensing measurement, thereby resulting in high energy consumption in clustered wireless sensor networks (WSNs). To solve this problem, we propose a novel energy-efficient CS-DG algorithm, which exploits the better reconstruction accuracy of the adjacency matrix of an unbalanced expander graph. In the proposed CS-DG algorithm, each measurement is the sum of a few sensory data, which are jointly determined by random sampling and random walks. Through theoretical analysis, we prove that the constructedM×N sparse binary sensing matrix is the adjacency matrix of a (k; ") unbalanced expander graph whenM=D O(N=k) and t=D O.Nc=(kq) for WSNs with Nc clusters, where 0 ≤q≤1 and Nc > k. Simulation results show our proposed CS-DG has better performance than existing algorithms in terms of reconstruction accuracy and energy consumption. When hybrid energy-efficient distributed clustering algorithm is used, to achieve the same reconstruction accuracy, our proposed CS-DG can save energy by at least 27:8%.
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