Effects of nanoalumina and graphene oxide on early-age hydration and mechanical properties of cement paste

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2017, 29 (9)
Issue Date:
2017-09-01
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© 2017 American Society of Civil Engineers. The effects of nanoalumina (NA) and graphene oxide (GO) on the early-age hydration and mechanical properties of portland cement pastes were investigated in this study. The hydration heat release rate and cumulative heat of cement pastes incorporating different dosages of NA and GO were evaluated using an isothermal calorimeter measurement method. Early-age electrical resistivity development was investigated by a noncontact electrical resistivity technique. The results show that both NA and GO could efficiently accelerate cement hydration. As a physical filler, NA significantly accelerates the hydration of tricalcium aluminate (C3A) in cement. On the other hand, GO is able to obviously reduce the dormant period of cement hydration and shift the heat flow peaks to the left by accelerating the hydration of tricalcium silicate (C3S) in cement. Compared to plain cement pastes, both the compressive and flexural strengths of cement pastes incorporating NA or GO are significantly increased. However, when NA and GO contents exceed the optimal amounts, improvements in flexural strength tend to decline, which is probably due to particle agglomeration. NA-cement paste exhibited slightly higher electrical resistivity than plain cement paste during hydration acceleration and deceleration stages. But GO-cement paste clearly showed lower electrical resistivity, which might be attributed to iron diffusion caused by GO with large surface areas.
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