Regularized Deep Belief Network for Image Attribute Detection

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 2017, 27 (7), pp. 1464 - 1477
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© 1991-2012 IEEE. In general, an image attribute is a human-nameable visual property that has a semantic connotation. Appropriate modeling of the intrinsic contextual correlations among attributes plays a fundamental role in attribute detection. In this paper, we consider image attribute detection from the perspective of regularized deep learning. In particular, we propose a regularized deep belief network (rDBN) to perform the image attribute detection task, which is composed of two parts: 1) a detection DBN (dDBN) that models the joint distribution of images and their corresponding attributes, which acts as an attribute detector and 2) a contextual restricted Boltzmann machine that explicitly models the correlations among attributes acting as a regularizer that restraints the output detection result given by the dDBN to meet the contextual prior of attributes. Furthermore, we propose an efficient fine-tuning scheme that can further optimize the performance of the dDBN by backpropagation. Experimental results show that the proposed rDBN obtains improvements over the state-of-the-art methods for attribute detection on the benchmark data sets.
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