Limitations and Accuracy of a Continuous Reduced-Order Model for Modular Multilevel Converters

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2018, 33 (7), pp. 6292 - 6302
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© 1986-2012 IEEE. This paper analyzes the limitations of a reduced-order model for modular multilevel converters (MMCs) by elucidating the relation between its accuracy, operating frequency, and converter parameters. A reduced-order simplifies the analysis of the MMC and thereby may provide additional information about the converter behavior. However, the accuracy of such model depends on several factors. In this paper, the effect of approximating the converter as a continuous system by neglecting quantization issues associated with having a finite number of modules is studied in detail. The analysis is done based on Fourier-series approximations with which it is possible to elucidate the relationship between the resonant frequencies of the MMC and the error of the reduced-order model. With the Fourier approximation, it is also possible to characterize resonant frequencies of the converter, both numerically and analytically, in terms of the converter parameters. The results can serve as a tool to identify situations when the reduced-order model produces good and also less accurate approximations especially when a low number of modules is available.
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