Techniques for reduction of the cogging torque in claw pole machines with SMC cores
© 2017 MDPI AG. All Rights Reserved. As one of the main parasitic parameters in permanent magnet (PM) synchronous machines (PMSMs), cogging torque is the main component of the torque ripple, which has always been the handicap in the high-performance, low-speed drive systems. Over the last two decades, various methods have been proposed to decrease the cogging torque in both radial-flux and axial-flux PMSMs. Among these methods, stator slot skewing, stator tooth notching, PM skewing, PM shifting, and pole pairing are extensively investigated. However, little work has been done on reducing the cogging torque of the claw pole machine (CPM), whose cogging torque cannot be ignored. In this paper, the general methods that have been used to reduce the cogging torque in radial-flux and axial-flux PMSMs are developed and verified in a CPM with a soft magnetic composite (SMC) core. The 3-D finite element method (FEM) is used to calculate the cogging torque and PM flux linkage per turn. By comparing different cogging torque reduction technologies, it can be found that the magnet step skewing and unequal claw pole width are very suitable for CPM.
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