Pilot Optimization for Estimation of High-Mobility OFDM Channels

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2017, 66 (10), pp. 8795 - 8806
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© 2017 IEEE. Obtaining channel state information is very crucial for realizing high-performance high-rate wireless communications. For an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system operating in a high-mobility environment such as in high-speed trains, a sequence of pilot samples is inserted in each OFDM symbol to track the fast-varying channel responses. For such a high-mobility environment, the design of pilot sequence to minimize the mean squared error (MSE) of the channel estimate under a linear minimum mean squared error (LMMSE) estimator poses a difficult polynomial fractional optimization problem. In this paper, we develop a path-following optimization procedure, which improves the MSE in every iteration and quickly converges at least to its locally-optimal solution. Each iterative solution is given in a closed form with very low computational complexity. The developed path-following procedure can also be adapted to design pilot sequences for the least-square and maximum-likelihood estimators. Extensive simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and superior performance of the proposed solutions and algorithms when compared to the state-of-The-Art algorithms in the literature.
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