Modeling Channel Switching and Contention Control in Vehicular Networks

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
IEEE Access, 2017, 5 pp. 23102 - 23110
Issue Date:
2017-10-11
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© 2017 IEEE. In vehicular networks, multi-channel operation standard IEEE 1609.4 is designed for vehicular communications across multiple channels. It has been revealed that such multi-channel operations may result in high contention in vehicular communications. However, existing analytical models are unable to capture the dynamic characteristic during channel switching. We develop a novel Markov model that takes into account the dynamic contention behavior during channel switching. In particular, our model reveals the high contention caused by the burst arrivals, which are the results of multi-channel operations. To combat such performance decline, we propose two solutions, a centralized equal-spaced algorithm and a distributed random-spaced algorithm. The key idea is to disperse the burst packet arrivals across the available timeframe in order to alleviate contention. Our model, validated by simulations, accurately characterizes the high contention caused by multi-channel operations. Our results demonstrate our proposed solutions can effectively mitigate packet collision, enhance reliability, and improve system throughput during the multi-channel operations.
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