Numerical Modelling of Biodiesel Blends in a Diesel Engine

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Energy Procedia, 2017, 110 pp. 402 - 407
Issue Date:
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© 2017 The Authors. Biodiesel is a biofuel which has similar properties to diesel and can readily be used in a diesel engine with minimal modifications. Promising results have been determined using mixtures of biodiesel and diesel with the reduction of soot and emissions of a diesel engine. Experimental analysis of diesel engines can be expensive and therefore Computation Fluid Dynamics programs are used to analyses the combustion process. The AVL Fire ESED program is currently being employed to investigate the effects of biodiesel on the diesel engines soot, emissions and power generation from a Cummins ISBE220 engine. Investigation is performed on pre and post injection-rate shapes on the combustion process establishing the results correlate accurately with researched data. A pre injection was determined to increase maximum power, reduce combustion generated noise, increase early in cylinder temperature and reduce fuel consumption due to the increase in power. A post injection was verified to reduce soot emissions while increasing NOx emissions marginally. The investigation of the injection-rate shape established the soot-NOx trade-off which was also found in the research. The models developed were agreeable with biodiesel data with percentage error in indicated power ranging from 1.62-8.85%. The models suggested that biodiesel assists in reducing NOx and soot emissions. The soot-NOx trade-off was further investigated determining the theory that then by reducing the combustion temperature in the combustion chamber the NOx emissions can be reduced while increasing soot emissions. By increasing the temperature in the combustion chamber the opposite effect was found to occur.
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