New design concept of a bidirectional wireless power transfer system using dual active bridge topology
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This paper proposes a new design concept of small air-gap bidirectional Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) system using Dual Active Bridge (DAB) topology. The wireless charging coils are considered as a weakly coupled transformer having relatively high leakage inductance, and thus the new design can obtain soft switching without implementing resonant capacitor or external inductor. This design has a simple construction and can enable bidirectional inductive power transfer with superior performance compared to the traditional large air-gap system. The new system can transfer high power via a compact coil structure thanks to smaller air gap. Moreover, soft-switching operation enables significant improvement in efficiency. The proposed design enables electrical vehicles and smart wheels to use batteries for supporting grid silently and seamlessly. This paper considers the application of smart wheel charger and presents an analytical design of the system using finite element analysis and circuit simulation. As a result, the design can achieve 97% efficiency at 3-kW, 85-kHz operation.
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