Quantum Markov chains and logarithmic trace inequalities

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Conference Proceeding
IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings, 2017, pp. 1988 - 1992
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© 2017 IEEE. A Markov chain is a tripartite quantum state ρABCwhere there exists a recovery map RB→BCsuch that ρABC= RB→BC(ρAB). More generally, an approximate Markov chain ρABCis a state whose distance to the closest recovered state RB→BC(ρAB) is small. Recently it has been shown that this distance can be bounded from above by the conditional mutual information I(A: C|B)ρof the state. We improve on this connection by deriving the first bound that is tight in the commutative case and features an explicit recovery map that only depends on the reduced state pBC. The key tool in our proof is a multivariate extension of the Golden-Thompson inequality, which allows us to extend logarithmic trace inequalities from two to arbitrarily many matrices.
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