SWPT: A Joint-Scheduling Model for Wireless Powered Sensor Networks

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Conference Proceeding
2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2017 - Proceedings, 2018, 2018-January pp. 1 - 6
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© 2017 IEEE. In a rechargeable wireless sensor network, the data packets are generated by sensor nodes at a specific data rate, and transmitted to a base station. Moreover, the base station transfers power to the nodes by using Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) to extend their battery life. However, inadequately scheduling WPT and data collection causes some of the nodes to drain their battery and have their data buffer overflow, while the others waste their harvested energy, which is more than they need to transmit their packets. In this paper, we investigate a novel optimal scheduling strategy, called Scheduled WPT (SWPT), aiming to minimize data packet loss from a network of wireless powered sensor nodes by jointly considering the sensor nodes' energy consumption and data queue state information. The scheduling problem is formulated by a MDP model, assuming that the complete states of each sensor node are well known by the base station. This presents the best effort performance of the scheduling that can be collected in a wireless powered sensor network. The simulation results show that, in terms of network throughput and packet loss rate, the proposed scheduling model significantly improves the network performance.
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