Porous CoF<inf>2</inf>Spheres Synthesized by a One-Pot Solvothermal Method as High Capacity Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

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Journal Article
Chinese Journal of Chemistry, 2017, 35 (1), pp. 48 - 54
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© 2017 SIOC, CAS, Shanghai & WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Up to now, there are rare reports of CoF2spheres used as high capacity cathode materials. Herein, porous CoF2spheres were synthesized and studied as cathode materials for LIBs. The porous CoF2spheres were synthesized by a facile one-pot solvothermal method using a safe and inexpensive ammonium fluoride as the fluorine sources. The nature of the synthesis can avoid using corrosive fluorine sources and additional high-temperature thermal treatment. The structure, morphologies and electrochemical performance of the samples obtained at different reaction times and solvothermal temperatures were investigated. The results show that the CoF2spheres obtained at 200 °C for 20 h show better electrochemical performances, including a high initial discharge capacity, good capacity retention and high Coulombic efficiency. It can deliver a high initial discharge capacity of 537.8 mA•h•g−1and keep 127.4 mA•h•g−1after 30 cycles used as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The good electrochemical performances may be attributed to good crystallinity, porous structure and relatively intermediate sphere size.
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