Copper Loss Analysis of a Multi-winding High-frequency Transformer for a Magnetically-coupled Residential Micro-grid

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2018
Issue Date:
2018-08-06
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IEEE Improvements in characteristics of magnetic materials and switching devices have provided the feasibility of replacing the electrical buses with high-frequency magnetic links in small-scale micro-grids. This can effectively reduce the number of voltage conversion stages, size and cost of the micro-grid, and isolate the sources and loads. To optimally design the magnetic link, an accurate evaluation of copper loss of the windings considering both the current waveforms and parasitic effects are required. This paper studies the copper loss analysis of a three-winding high-frequency magnetic link for residential micro-grid applications. Due to the non-sinusoidal nature of the voltages and currents, the loss analysis is carried out on a harmonic basis taking into account the variations of phase shift, duty ratio and amplitude of the waveforms. The high-frequency parasitic phenomena including the skin and proximity effects are taken into account. The maximum and minimum copper loss operating conditions of the magnetic link and their dependency on the phase shift angle and the duty ratio of the connected waveforms are studied. A prototype of the micro-grid including the magnetic link is developed to validate the theoretical analysis, evaluate the micro-grid efficiency and perform the loss breakdown.
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