Flexible three-dimensional electrodes of hollow carbon bead strings as graded sulfur reservoirs and the synergistic mechanism for lithium–sulfur batteries

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Applied Surface Science, 2017, 413 pp. 209 - 218
Issue Date:
2017-08-15
Metrics:
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
1-s2.0-S0169433217310632-main.pdfPublished Version3.59 MB
Adobe PDF
© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Three-dimensional (3D) flexible electrodes of stringed hollow nitrogen-doped (N-doped) carbon nanospheres as graded sulfur reservoirs and conductive frameworks were elaborately designed via a combination of the advantages of hollow structures, 3D electrodes and flexible devices. The as-prepared electrodes by a synergistic method of electrospinning, template sacrificing and activation for Li–S batteries without any binder or conductive additives but a 3D interconnected conductive network offered multiple transport paths for electrons and improved sulfur utilization and facilitated an easy access to Li+ingress/egress. With the increase of density of hollow carbon spheres in the strings, the self-supporting composite electrode reveals an enhanced synergistic mechanism for sulfur confinement and displays a better cycling stability and rate performance. It delivers a high initial specific capacity of 1422.6 mAh g−1at the current rate of 0.2C with the high sulfur content of 76 wt.%, and a much higher energy density of 754 Wh kg−1and power density of 1901 Wh kg−1, which greatly improve the energy/power density of traditional lithium–sulfur batteries and will be promising for further commercial applications.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: