Optimization of sensing performance in an integrated dual sensors system combining microbial fuel cells and upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Chemosphere, 2018, 210 pp. 931 - 940
Issue Date:
2018-11-01
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Two bio-cathode microbial fuel cells (MFCs) with Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) are integrated to construct a UASB-MFC dual sensors system, developed to solve the problems of low accuracy and less information about the single sensor system. The bio-cathode MFC is developed as the biosensor for UASB operation performance and online monitoring. Owing to the biosorption of anaerobic microbes, the MFC in the suspended layer is more suitable for effluent chemical oxygen demand (COD) real-time monitoring, and the MFC in the sludge layer is more suitable for total volatile fatty acid (TVFA) real-time monitoring. Electrochemical analysis discovers that the lower electron transfer resistance determines the higher sensitivity of MFC in the suspended layer. The difference in species abundance indicates that TVFA has a stronger inhibitory effect on MFC in the sludge layer. The novel UASB-MFC dual sensors system shows promising potential for COD and TVFA simultaneous online monitoring, which can enhance the reliability of anaerobic reaction.
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