Analytical solution to axisymmetric consolidation of unsaturated soil stratum under equal strain condition incorporating smear effects

Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 2018, 42 (15), pp. 1890 - 1913
Issue Date:
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© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This paper proposes closed-form analytical solutions to the axisymmetric consolidation of an unsaturated soil stratum using the equal strain hypothesis. Following the 1-dimensional (1D) consolidation theory for unsaturated soil mechanics, polar governing equations describing the air and water flows are first presented on the basis of Fick's law and Darcy's law, respectively. The current study takes into account the peripheral smear caused by an installation of vertical drain. Separation of variables and Laplace transformation are mainly adopted in the analytical derivation to obtain final solutions. Then, the hydraulic conductivity ratio, the radius of influence zone and smear parameters influencing time-dependent excess pore pressures, and the average degree of consolidation are graphically interpreted. In this study, a comparison made between the proposed equal strain results and the existing free strain results suggests that both hypotheses would deliver similar predictions. Moreover, it is found that the smear zone resulting from vertical drain installations would hinder the consolidation rate considerably.
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