SAMS: A Seamless and Authorized Multimedia Streaming framework for WMSN-based IoMT

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Journal Article
IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 2018
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IEEE An Internet of Multimedia Things (IoMT) architecture aims to provide a support for real-time multimedia applications by using wireless multimedia sensor nodes that are deployed for long-term usage. These nodes are capable of capturing both multimedia and non-multimedia data, and form a network known as Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network (WMSN). In a WMSN, the underlying routing protocols need to provide an acceptable level of Quality-of-Service (QoS) support for the multimedia traffic. In this paper, we propose a seamless and authorized multimedia streaming framework (SAMS) for a cluster-based hierarchical WMSN. SAMS uses authentication at different levels to form secured clusters. The formation of these clusters allows only legitimate nodes to transmit captured data to their cluster heads. Each node senses the environment, stores captured data in its buffer, and waits for its turn to transmit to its cluster head. This waiting may result in an excessive packet loss and end-to-end delay for multimedia traffic. To address these issues, a channel allocation approach is proposed for inter-cluster communication. In case of buffer overflow, a member node in one cluster switches to a neighboring cluster head provided that the latter has an available channel for allocation. The experimental results show that SAMS provides an acceptable level of QoS and enhances the security of the underlying network.
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