Performance, microbial community and fluorescent characteristic of microbial products in a solid-phase denitrification biofilm reactor for WWTP effluent treatment

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Management, 2018, 227 pp. 375 - 385
Issue Date:
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© 2018 Microbial products, i.e. extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and soluble microbial product (SMP), have a significant correlation with microbial activity of biologically based systems. In present study, the spectral characteristics of two kinds of microbial products were comprehensively evaluated in a solid-phase denitrification biofilm reactor for WWTP effluent treatment by using poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) as carbon source. After the achievement of PBS-biofilm, nitrate and total nitrogen removal efficiencies were high of 97.39 ± 1.24% and 96.38 ± 1.1%, respectively. The contents of protein and polysaccharide were changed different degrees in both LB-EPS and TB-EPS. Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) implied that protein-like substances played a significant role in the formation of PBS-biofilm. High-throughput sequencing result implied that the proportion of denitrifying bacteria, including Simplicispira, Dechloromonas, Diaphorobacter, Desulfovibrio, increased to 9.2%, 7.4%, 4.8% and 3.6% in PBS-biofilm system, respectively. According to EEM-PARAFAC, two components were identified from SMP samples, including protein-like substances for component 1 and humic-like and fulvic acid-like substances for component 2, respectively. Moreover, the fluorescent scores of two components expressed significant different trends to reaction time. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) implied that some new organic matters were produced in the effluent of SP-DBR due to biopolymer degradation and denitrification processes. The results could provide a new insight about the formation and stability of solid-phase denitrification PBS-biofilm via the point of microbial products.
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