A Boundary Integral Equation Scheme for Simulating the Nonlocal Hydrodynamic Response of Metallic Antennas at Deep-Nanometer Scales

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2018, 66 (9), pp. 4759 - 4771
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. Modeling the interaction between light and a plasmonic nanoantenna, whose critical dimension is of a few nanometers, is complex owing to the 'hydrodynamic' motion of free electrons in a metal. Such a hydrodynamic effect inevitably leads to a nonlocal material response, which enables the propagation of longitudinal electromagnetic waves in the material. In this paper, within the framework of a boundary integral equation and a method of moments algorithm, a computational scheme is developed for predicting the interaction of light with 3-D nonlocal hydrodynamic metallic nanoparticles of arbitrary shape. The numerical implementation is first demonstrated for the test example of a canonical spherical structure. The calculated results are shown to be in the excellent agreement with the theoretical results obtained with the generalized Mie theory. In addition, the capability of treating 3-D structures of general shapes is demonstrated by ellipsoids and dimers.
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